Table 3. 
Similarity between ranking years (O: Overlap; F: Spearman correlation coefficient, M: M-measure)
Measure201220132014201520162017
OFMOFMOFMOFMOFMOFM
ARWU 
2013 98 1.0 0.97                               
2014 92 0.98 0.97 93 0.98 0.96                         
2015 93 0.97 0.97 93 0.98 0.95 97 0.99 0.99                   
2016 89 0.91 0.91 89 0.93 0.93 92 0.95 0.93 91 0.97 0.93             
2017 87 0.91 0.9 87 0.91 0.9 90 0.94 0.92 89 0.96 0.92 95 0.97 0.94       
2018 85 0.89 0.89 85 0.89 0.90 87 0.93 0.91 86 0.95 0.91 94 0.96 0.93 95 0.97 0.97 
THE 
2013 92 0.98 0.93                               
2014 91 0.96 0.89 93 0.98 0.94                         
2015 83 0.88 0.89 86 0.88 0.86 85 0.90 0.85                   
2016 85 0.90 0.78 87 0.90 0.75 85 0.92 0.74 89 0.97 0.84             
2017 85 0.91 0.71 86 0.89 0.7 85 0.91 0.68 89 0.96 0.77 96 0.98 0.91       
2018 85 0.91 0.69 82 0.90 0.67 81 0.92 0.66 86 0.95 0.76 91 0.97 0.88 94 0.98 0.95 
QS 
2013 95 0.98 0.91                               
2014 94 0.96 0.88 97 0.98 0.9                         
2015 93 0.90 0.81 93 0.91 0.87 93 0.92 0.82                   
2016 91 0.90 0.8 90 0.90 0.82 90 0.91 0.81 95 0.98 0.93             
2017 87 0.88 0.79 87 0.89 0.8 87 0.90 0.79 91 0.97 0.9 94 0.99 0.96       
2018 86 0.88 0.77 84 0.88 0.78 84 0.89 0.77 89 0.96 0.87 92 0.98 0.93 93 0.98 0.95 
Measure201220132014201520162017
OFMOFMOFMOFMOFMOFM
ARWU 
2013 98 1.0 0.97                               
2014 92 0.98 0.97 93 0.98 0.96                         
2015 93 0.97 0.97 93 0.98 0.95 97 0.99 0.99                   
2016 89 0.91 0.91 89 0.93 0.93 92 0.95 0.93 91 0.97 0.93             
2017 87 0.91 0.9 87 0.91 0.9 90 0.94 0.92 89 0.96 0.92 95 0.97 0.94       
2018 85 0.89 0.89 85 0.89 0.90 87 0.93 0.91 86 0.95 0.91 94 0.96 0.93 95 0.97 0.97 
THE 
2013 92 0.98 0.93                               
2014 91 0.96 0.89 93 0.98 0.94                         
2015 83 0.88 0.89 86 0.88 0.86 85 0.90 0.85                   
2016 85 0.90 0.78 87 0.90 0.75 85 0.92 0.74 89 0.97 0.84             
2017 85 0.91 0.71 86 0.89 0.7 85 0.91 0.68 89 0.96 0.77 96 0.98 0.91       
2018 85 0.91 0.69 82 0.90 0.67 81 0.92 0.66 86 0.95 0.76 91 0.97 0.88 94 0.98 0.95 
QS 
2013 95 0.98 0.91                               
2014 94 0.96 0.88 97 0.98 0.9                         
2015 93 0.90 0.81 93 0.91 0.87 93 0.92 0.82                   
2016 91 0.90 0.8 90 0.90 0.82 90 0.91 0.81 95 0.98 0.93             
2017 87 0.88 0.79 87 0.89 0.8 87 0.90 0.79 91 0.97 0.9 94 0.99 0.96       
2018 86 0.88 0.77 84 0.88 0.78 84 0.89 0.77 89 0.96 0.87 92 0.98 0.93 93 0.98 0.95 

Note: All Spearman correlations (F) were significant: p < .001.

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