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Table 3. 
The web mining construct
FactorsKeywordsIndicatorsVariables
R&D research & development, research and development, r&d, researcher, product development, technology development, technical development, development phase, development program, development process, development project, development cent, development facility, technological development, development effort, development cycle, development research, development activity, fundamental research, basic research (Gök et al., 2015) Natural logarithm of the number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 ln(WEB_R&D) 
IP patent, intellectual property, trade secret, industrial design Inverse (1/x) of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 inv(WEB_IP) 
Collaboration affiliation, collaboration, cooperation, partners, partnership, consorti, international consorti, global consorti Natural logarithm of the number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 ln(WEB_Collab) 
External financing atlantic canada opportunities agency, business development bank of Canada, sustainable development technology, venture capital, atlantic innovation fund, nrc-irap, fednor, Industrial research assistance program, grants, private investment The number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 WEB_ExtFin* 
FactorsKeywordsIndicatorsVariables
R&D research & development, research and development, r&d, researcher, product development, technology development, technical development, development phase, development program, development process, development project, development cent, development facility, technological development, development effort, development cycle, development research, development activity, fundamental research, basic research (Gök et al., 2015) Natural logarithm of the number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 ln(WEB_R&D) 
IP patent, intellectual property, trade secret, industrial design Inverse (1/x) of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 inv(WEB_IP) 
Collaboration affiliation, collaboration, cooperation, partners, partnership, consorti, international consorti, global consorti Natural logarithm of the number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 ln(WEB_Collab) 
External financing atlantic canada opportunities agency, business development bank of Canada, sustainable development technology, venture capital, atlantic innovation fund, nrc-irap, fednor, Industrial research assistance program, grants, private investment The number of keywords frequencies divided by the total number of words multiplied by 1,000 WEB_ExtFin* 
*

All transformed variables are normal except WEB_ExtFin, which could not be normalized by any transformation.

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