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Table 8. 
Level of importance of contracting R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used
 TraitsWeb methodQuestionnaire method
WEB_RDWEB_IPContract_In_R&DnbIP
Web method WEB_RD a       
WEB_IP −0.18 a     
  
Questionnaire method Contract_In_R&D 0.283* 0.209 a   
nbIP 0.007 0.368** 0.433** a 
  
Convergence validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** are high and significant; 
Discriminant validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007 and |rIP1,RD2| = 0.209; 
Construct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias: No, |rRD2,IP2| = 0.433** >> rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368**. 
 TraitsWeb methodQuestionnaire method
WEB_RDWEB_IPContract_In_R&DnbIP
Web method WEB_RD a       
WEB_IP −0.18 a     
  
Questionnaire method Contract_In_R&D 0.283* 0.209 a   
nbIP 0.007 0.368** 0.433** a 
  
Convergence validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** are high and significant; 
Discriminant validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007 and |rIP1,RD2| = 0.209; 
Construct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias: No, |rRD2,IP2| = 0.433** >> rRD1,RD2 = 0.283* and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368**. 
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