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Table 12. 
Proportion of employees assigned primarily in R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used
 TraitsWeb methodQuestionnaire method
WEB_RDWEB_IPpropEmp_R&DnbIP
Web method WEB_RD a       
WEB_IP −0.18 a     
  
Questionnaire method propEmp_R&D 0.306** 0.288* a   
nbIP 0.007 0.368** 0.284* a 
  
Convergence validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306** and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** are high and significant; 
Discriminant validity: Weak yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* >> |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007, but rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* > |rIP1,RD2| = 0.288* which is also high and significant; finally, rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rIP1,RD2| = 0.288* and |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007; 
Construct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias: Weak yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* >> |rIP1,RD1| = 0.18, but rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* > |rRD2,IP2|= 0.284* which is also high and significant; finally, rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rIP1,RD1| = 0.18 and |rRD1,IP2| = 0.284*. 
 TraitsWeb methodQuestionnaire method
WEB_RDWEB_IPpropEmp_R&DnbIP
Web method WEB_RD a       
WEB_IP −0.18 a     
  
Questionnaire method propEmp_R&D 0.306** 0.288* a   
nbIP 0.007 0.368** 0.284* a 
  
Convergence validity: Yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306** and rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** are high and significant; 
Discriminant validity: Weak yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* >> |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007, but rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* > |rIP1,RD2| = 0.288* which is also high and significant; finally, rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rIP1,RD2| = 0.288* and |rRD1,IP2| = 0.007; 
Construct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias: Weak yes, rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* >> |rIP1,RD1| = 0.18, but rRD1,RD2 = 0.306* > |rRD2,IP2|= 0.284* which is also high and significant; finally, rIP1,IP2 = 0.368** >> |rIP1,RD1| = 0.18 and |rRD1,IP2| = 0.284*. 
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