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Table 14. 
Summary of construct validity results
Table Convergent validityDiscriminant validityConstruct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias
8  Level of importance of contracting R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Yes No 
9  Level of importance of contracting R&D with the number of patents Yes Yes Yes 
10  Level of importance of providing R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Yes Yes 
11  Level of importance of providing R&D with the number of patents Yes Yes Yes 
12  Prop. of employees assigned primarily in R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Weak yes Weak yes 
13  Prop. of employees assigned primarily in R&D with the number of patents Yes No Yes 
Table Convergent validityDiscriminant validityConstruct validity without either a combination of trait and method effects or a mono-method bias
8  Level of importance of contracting R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Yes No 
9  Level of importance of contracting R&D with the number of patents Yes Yes Yes 
10  Level of importance of providing R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Yes Yes 
11  Level of importance of providing R&D with the number of patents Yes Yes Yes 
12  Prop. of employees assigned primarily in R&D with the number of IP mechanisms used Yes Weak yes Weak yes 
13  Prop. of employees assigned primarily in R&D with the number of patents Yes No Yes 
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