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Table 1 reports summary statistics for our sample population (individuals born between 1920 and 1931). The first column summarizes our outcome variables for the entire sample, the second restricts to females, and the third focuses on males. Women have much lower labor force participation, labor supply, and income than men. Marriage rates, age at first marriage, and years of schooling are more similar across both genders, although women are more likely to be married and get married slightly earlier.

Table 1.
Summary Statistics
(1)(2)(3)
Whole SampleFemalesMales
1950–1980 Censuses    
1(Employed) 0.644 0.429 0.872 
 (0.479) (0.495) (0.334) 
1(Participated in Labor Force) 0.670 0.448 0.905 
 (0.470) (0.497) (0.293) 
1(Worked at least 40 weeks) 0.790 0.659 0.867 
conditional on working (0.408) (0.474) (0.339) 
Total income 19,551.4 8,690.0 31,193.1 
 (20,266.0) (12,478.3) (20,544.1) 
Number of observations 23,83,143 12,36,420 11,46,723 
1970–1980 Censuses    
Years of schooling 11.38 11.31 11.45 
 (3.137) (2.841) (3.426) 
1(Ever Married) 0.945 0.951 0.937 
 (0.229) (0.216) (0.242) 
Age at first marriage 22.74 21.43 24.16 
 (5.345) (5.013) (5.331) 
Spouse's schooling 11.45 11.31 11.59 
 (3.007) (3.391) (2.568) 
Spouse's total income 25,498.3 41,443.6 9,934.9 
 (23,175.8) (20,015.6) (13,414.9) 
Total family income 48,666.0 46,772.0 50,716.1 
 (20,703.5) (21,436.8) (19,674.9) 
Number of observations 17,89,907 930,333 859,574 
(1)(2)(3)
Whole SampleFemalesMales
1950–1980 Censuses    
1(Employed) 0.644 0.429 0.872 
 (0.479) (0.495) (0.334) 
1(Participated in Labor Force) 0.670 0.448 0.905 
 (0.470) (0.497) (0.293) 
1(Worked at least 40 weeks) 0.790 0.659 0.867 
conditional on working (0.408) (0.474) (0.339) 
Total income 19,551.4 8,690.0 31,193.1 
 (20,266.0) (12,478.3) (20,544.1) 
Number of observations 23,83,143 12,36,420 11,46,723 
1970–1980 Censuses    
Years of schooling 11.38 11.31 11.45 
 (3.137) (2.841) (3.426) 
1(Ever Married) 0.945 0.951 0.937 
 (0.229) (0.216) (0.242) 
Age at first marriage 22.74 21.43 24.16 
 (5.345) (5.013) (5.331) 
Spouse's schooling 11.45 11.31 11.59 
 (3.007) (3.391) (2.568) 
Spouse's total income 25,498.3 41,443.6 9,934.9 
 (23,175.8) (20,015.6) (13,414.9) 
Total family income 48,666.0 46,772.0 50,716.1 
 (20,703.5) (21,436.8) (19,674.9) 
Number of observations 17,89,907 930,333 859,574 

Sample includes all individuals born 1920 to 1931. Statistics are calculated using person-level weights provided by the census. Total income in 1999 dollars.

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