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Estimates of LATEs of neighborhood quality are reported for the subpopulation in S1,2M in table 3. We interpret the large standard errors as a result of the small sample size used in estimation and note that the mechanical relationship generating bias in linear-in-means models does not hold in our model (see note 8). Since the estimates pertain to the select subgroup induced to move to higher-quality neighborhoods through MTO, they are not generalizable.

Table 3.
Adult LATE Estimates
Outcome 1,2LATEZM Control Mean in S1,2M 
Labor Market   
In labor force (%) 25.8 53.2 
 (18.3)  
Employed (%) 31.2 41.7 
 (20.1)  
Household income ($) 5,616 13,506 
 (3,914)  
Earnings ($) 1,970 7,642 
 (4,066)  
Welfare benefits   
Received TANF (%) −40.0 39.9 
 (19.2)  
Health   
BMI (raw) −3.1 30.9 
 (2.8)  
Outcome 1,2LATEZM Control Mean in S1,2M 
Labor Market   
In labor force (%) 25.8 53.2 
 (18.3)  
Employed (%) 31.2 41.7 
 (20.1)  
Household income ($) 5,616 13,506 
 (3,914)  
Earnings ($) 1,970 7,642 
 (4,066)  
Welfare benefits   
Received TANF (%) −40.0 39.9 
 (19.2)  
Health   
BMI (raw) −3.1 30.9 
 (2.8)  

1,2LATEZM estimates pertain to individuals with observed and unobserved choice model components in S1,2M{(μ(xi),UD(i))|μ(xi)[-0.6,0.4],uD(i)[0.43+0.30μ(xi),0.68+0.15μ(xi)]}. Control means are also computed for the subsample in this region and outside this region (both conditional on D(i)=1). Standard errors are computed using 200 bootstrap replications.

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