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Table 4. 
Counts (n) and percentage of citing texts—referring to the concepts in Social Theory and Social Structure by Robert K. Merton—reflecting uncertainty (all fields of study; the concepts are decreasingly sorted by the last column)
ConceptNumber of uncertainty mentionsPercentage of uncertainty mentions (n = 142)Number of concept mentionsPercentage of concept mentions with uncertainty
Self-fulfilling 49 34.51 179 27.37 
Consequence 10 7.04 49 20.41 
Status 12 8.45 65 18.46 
Reference group 4.93 39 17.95 
Opportunity 6.34 51 17.65 
Cosmopolitan 2.11 20 15.00 
Anomie 12 8.45 93 12.90 
Middle-range theory 12 8.45 117 10.26 
Role 13 9.15 137 9.49 
Function 10 7.04 109 9.17 
Social structure 3.52 72 6.94 
Analytical paradigm 0.00 12 0.00 
Total 142 100.00 943 15.06 
ConceptNumber of uncertainty mentionsPercentage of uncertainty mentions (n = 142)Number of concept mentionsPercentage of concept mentions with uncertainty
Self-fulfilling 49 34.51 179 27.37 
Consequence 10 7.04 49 20.41 
Status 12 8.45 65 18.46 
Reference group 4.93 39 17.95 
Opportunity 6.34 51 17.65 
Cosmopolitan 2.11 20 15.00 
Anomie 12 8.45 93 12.90 
Middle-range theory 12 8.45 117 10.26 
Role 13 9.15 137 9.49 
Function 10 7.04 109 9.17 
Social structure 3.52 72 6.94 
Analytical paradigm 0.00 12 0.00 
Total 142 100.00 943 15.06 
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