Table 1.
Balance Check and MSB
ControlTreatment$p$-value for
(1)(2)H0 (1) $=$ (2)
Female .51 (.5) .61 (.49) 0.192
Age 14.42 (1.2) 14.34 (1) 0.671
Number of children in the household 2.09 (.87) 2.26 (.92) 0.197
Number of family members in the household 5.34 (2.05) 5.72 (2.8) 0.290
Distance from home to school ($=$1 if less than or equal to 30 min walk) .38 (.49) .43 (.5) 0.410
Mother's educational attainment ($=$1 if less than or equal to primary) .68 (.47) .68 (.47) 0.981
Mother's occupation ($=$1 if agricultural) .71 (.45) .77 (.42) 0.354
Monthly household income ($=$1 if less than or equal to 750 RMB) .45 (.5) .45 (.5) 0.999
Monthly allowance ($=$1 if less than or equal to 300 RMB) .82 (.38) .78 (.41) 0.497
Grade 7 dummy .5 (.5) .52 (.5) 0.817
Grade 8 dummy .43 (.5) .39 (.49) 0.629
Grade 9 dummy .07 (.26) .09 (.28) 0.649
Test score .08 (.82) −.09 (.92) 0.177
Multiple switcher .31 (.46) .1 (.3) 0.000
Observations 101  92
ControlTreatment$p$-value for
(1)(2)H0 (1) $=$ (2)
Female .51 (.5) .61 (.49) 0.192
Age 14.42 (1.2) 14.34 (1) 0.671
Number of children in the household 2.09 (.87) 2.26 (.92) 0.197
Number of family members in the household 5.34 (2.05) 5.72 (2.8) 0.290
Distance from home to school ($=$1 if less than or equal to 30 min walk) .38 (.49) .43 (.5) 0.410
Mother's educational attainment ($=$1 if less than or equal to primary) .68 (.47) .68 (.47) 0.981
Mother's occupation ($=$1 if agricultural) .71 (.45) .77 (.42) 0.354
Monthly household income ($=$1 if less than or equal to 750 RMB) .45 (.5) .45 (.5) 0.999
Monthly allowance ($=$1 if less than or equal to 300 RMB) .82 (.38) .78 (.41) 0.497
Grade 7 dummy .5 (.5) .52 (.5) 0.817
Grade 8 dummy .43 (.5) .39 (.49) 0.629
Grade 9 dummy .07 (.26) .09 (.28) 0.649
Test score .08 (.82) −.09 (.92) 0.177
Multiple switcher .31 (.46) .1 (.3) 0.000
Observations 101  92

Means and standard deviations are presented. Standard deviations in parentheses. Exchange rate: RMB 1 $=$ USD 0.16.

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