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Table 3.
Water as Linked to the Right to Life
All TimesIn Times of Conflicting water Use
UN Water Conference (1977): “All peoples … have the right to have access to drinking water in quantities and of a quality equal to their basic needs.”a UN Watercourses Convention (1997): “In the event of a conflict between uses of an international watercourse, it shall be resolved … with special regard being given to the requirements of vital human needs.”e 
Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989): “States Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health … through, inter alia … the provision of … clean drinking water.”b  
Dublin Principles (1992): “Fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life.”c  
Earth Summit (1992): “In developing and using water resources, priority has to be given to the satisfaction of basic needs.”d  
All TimesIn Times of Conflicting water Use
UN Water Conference (1977): “All peoples … have the right to have access to drinking water in quantities and of a quality equal to their basic needs.”a UN Watercourses Convention (1997): “In the event of a conflict between uses of an international watercourse, it shall be resolved … with special regard being given to the requirements of vital human needs.”e 
Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989): “States Parties recognize the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health … through, inter alia … the provision of … clean drinking water.”b  
Dublin Principles (1992): “Fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life.”c  
Earth Summit (1992): “In developing and using water resources, priority has to be given to the satisfaction of basic needs.”d  
a

UN, Report of the United Nations Water Conference, E/CONF.70/29, Mar Del Plata, March 14–25, 1977 (New York: UN Publication, 1977), pt. 1, chap. 1, Res. 2(a), https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/724642?ln=en.

b

UN General Assembly, Convention on the Rights of the Child, A/RES/44/25, November 20, 1989, art. 24(2c), https://undocs.org/A/RES/44/25.

c

World Meteorological Organization (WMO), International Conference on Water and the Environment: Development Issues for the 21st Century: The Dublin Statement and Report of the Conference, Dublin, January 26–31, 1992 (Geneva: WMO, 1992), Principle 1, https://wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/30961.

d

UN, Protection of the Quality and Supply of Freshwater Resources: Application of Integrated Approaches to the Development, Management and Use of Water Resources, Agenda 21, 1992, chap. 18, para. 8, https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21/res_agenda21_18.shtml.

e

UN General Assembly, Resolution 51/229, Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses, A/RES/51/229, July 8, 1997, art. 10, https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/240629?ln=en.

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