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Stakeholder surveys (principal performance surveys completed by teachers, parents, students, etc.) are required by fourteen states (27 percent) and twenty-eight additional states (55 percent) recommend them. When used, such surveys are commonly utilized to collect data on principal performance even when districts are not required to use such evidence in summative principal evaluation. In table 2, we present a more detailed look at how stakeholder surveys are used. Stakeholder surveys carry independent weight in the final summative evaluation of principals in only four states (8 percent), and account for 10 to 30 percent of the summative rating. Only four states (8 percent) require and two states (4 percent) recommend that districts include a teacher effectiveness component in their principal evaluation system, accounting for 5 percent to 15 percent of the principal's final summative rating (see online table A.3 for further detail).

Table 2.

Summary of Stakeholder Surveys in Principal Evaluation Systems across States (N = 51)

Teacher SurveyStudent SurveyParent SurveyCommunity Members SurveyOther/Unspecified Survey
StatusN%N%N%N%N%
Required 14 27 12 12 
Allowed 22 43 21 41 22 43 11 22 12 
Prohibited — — — — — — 
Teacher SurveyStudent SurveyParent SurveyCommunity Members SurveyOther/Unspecified Survey
StatusN%N%N%N%N%
Required 14 27 12 12 
Allowed 22 43 21 41 22 43 11 22 12 
Prohibited — — — — — — 

Note: The one state that requires other surveys, Mississippi, requires surveys in the form of self-evaluation and supervisor evaluation.

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