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As with the components of evaluation, states require some longstanding processes and introduce other, new procedures to principal evaluation (second panel of table 1). Forty-four states (86 percent) require and three states (6 percent) recommend that school leaders engage in goal setting/plan development as part of the principal evaluation process and forty-seven states (92 percent) require them to participate in an end-of-school-year summative written evaluation.4 More than half of states require principals to engage in self-assessment (N = 30; 59 percent) while ten states (20 percent) recommend it.5 As for mid-year evaluation, twenty-eight states (55 percent) require it and nine states (18 percent) recommend it. Finally, the majority of states (N = 34; 67 percent) require school leaders to be observed as part of the principal evaluation process, while nine states (18 percent) only recommend it (see table 3, as well as online tables A.4 and A.5 for further details).

Table 3.

Summary of the Types of In-person Meetings Required or Recommended in Principal Evaluation Systems across States (N = 51)

Goal Setting MeetingPre-observation MeetingPost-observation MeetingMid-year MeetingEnd-of-year MeetingOther Meeting
StatusN%N%N%N%N%N%
Required 25 49 12 13 25 23 45 33 65 12 
Allowed 12 
No information 24 47 42 82 32 63 27 53 18 35 42 82 
Goal Setting MeetingPre-observation MeetingPost-observation MeetingMid-year MeetingEnd-of-year MeetingOther Meeting
StatusN%N%N%N%N%N%
Required 25 49 12 13 25 23 45 33 65 12 
Allowed 12 
No information 24 47 42 82 32 63 27 53 18 35 42 82 

Notes: A pre-evaluation meeting is required in Hawaii and Illinois. A Circle Survey meeting is required in Mississippi. Quarterly meetings are required for novice principals in New Hampshire. Unspecified evaluation meetings are required in Utah. Formative evaluation meetings are allowed in Maine. Frequent meetings are recommended in Washington. Frequent meetings throughout the cycle are recommended in Wyoming.

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