Skip to Main Content
Table 1.

Characteristics of the stimuli

ConditionLengthFrequencyAge of acquisitionConcretenessMatch exampleMismatch example
Semantic Easy 11.0 ± 0.8 7.51 ± 0.89 4.62 ± 0.88 558 ± 60 RABBIT TOMATO 
CARROT BEACH 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 1 11.0 ± 0.8 5.09 ± 0.94 8.61 ± 0.98 456 ± 87 SENSE ERRAND 
LOGIC KERNEL 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 2 11.0 ± 0.8 4.50 ± 0.89 9.63 ± 1.00 438 ± 87 SOAR WHIFF 
FLUTTER OUTCOME 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 3 11.0 ± 0.8 3.54 ± 0.88 11.49 ± 1.37 400 ± 84 DECREE KALE 
EDICT INCLINE 
Perceptual Easy 11.0 ± 0.7 — — — ƟƕΨΓƜ ϞΦΓƟƜδ 
ƟƕΨΓƜ ƜΓΘŒƧ 
Perceptual Difficult 11.0 ± 1.0 — — — ϞƩЖЖΦ ΞδΦƕƏƕ 
ϞƩЖЖΦ ΞδΦŒƏƕ 
ConditionLengthFrequencyAge of acquisitionConcretenessMatch exampleMismatch example
Semantic Easy 11.0 ± 0.8 7.51 ± 0.89 4.62 ± 0.88 558 ± 60 RABBIT TOMATO 
CARROT BEACH 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 1 11.0 ± 0.8 5.09 ± 0.94 8.61 ± 0.98 456 ± 87 SENSE ERRAND 
LOGIC KERNEL 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 2 11.0 ± 0.8 4.50 ± 0.89 9.63 ± 1.00 438 ± 87 SOAR WHIFF 
FLUTTER OUTCOME 
Semantic Difficult Sub-level 3 11.0 ± 0.8 3.54 ± 0.88 11.49 ± 1.37 400 ± 84 DECREE KALE 
EDICT INCLINE 
Perceptual Easy 11.0 ± 0.7 — — — ƟƕΨΓƜ ϞΦΓƟƜδ 
ƟƕΨΓƜ ƜΓΘŒƧ 
Perceptual Difficult 11.0 ± 1.0 — — — ϞƩЖЖΦ ΞδΦƕƏƕ 
ϞƩЖЖΦ ΞδΦŒƏƕ 

Note. Length is the total number of letters summed across both items in each pair; Frequency is the average log lemma frequency across each pair, based on the American National Corpus (Reppen et al., 2005); Age of acquisition is the average across each pair in years from Kuperman et al. (2012); Concreteness is the average across each pair obtained from the MRC database (Coltheart, 1981).

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal