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Table 1. 
Examples of Five Experimental Conditions Created around the Same Verb (Here, “Cautioned”)
Scenario TypeExampleLexical Constraint of ContextCloze of Critical WordSSVa between Critical Word and Preceding Context
1. High constraint expected The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the swimmers… 71% (13%) 71% (13%) 0.18 (0.18) 
2. Low constraint unexpected Eric and Grant received the news late in the day. They mulled over the information and decided it was better to act sooner rather than later. Hence, they cautioned the trainees… 20% (9%) 0.2% (0.8%) 0.01 (0.05) 
3. High constraint unexpected The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the trainees… 71% (13%) 0.1% (0.5%) 0.01 (0.05) 
4. Low constraint anomalous Eric and Grant received the news late in the day. They mulled over the information and decided it was better to act sooner rather than later. Hence, they cautioned the drawer… 20% (9%) 0% (0%) 0.01 (0.06) 
5. High constraint anomalous The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the drawer… 71% (13%) 0% (0%) 0.01 (0.04) 
Scenario TypeExampleLexical Constraint of ContextCloze of Critical WordSSVa between Critical Word and Preceding Context
1. High constraint expected The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the swimmers… 71% (13%) 71% (13%) 0.18 (0.18) 
2. Low constraint unexpected Eric and Grant received the news late in the day. They mulled over the information and decided it was better to act sooner rather than later. Hence, they cautioned the trainees… 20% (9%) 0.2% (0.8%) 0.01 (0.05) 
3. High constraint unexpected The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the trainees… 71% (13%) 0.1% (0.5%) 0.01 (0.05) 
4. Low constraint anomalous Eric and Grant received the news late in the day. They mulled over the information and decided it was better to act sooner rather than later. Hence, they cautioned the drawer… 20% (9%) 0% (0%) 0.01 (0.06) 
5. High constraint anomalous The lifeguards received a report of sharks right near the beach. Their immediate concern was to prevent any incidents in the sea. Hence, they cautioned the drawer… 71% (13%) 0% (0%) 0.01 (0.04) 

The critical word in each of the example final sentences is underlined (although this was not the case in the experiment itself). The final sentences continued with additional words, as indicated by the three dots. Means are shown with standard deviations in parentheses.

a

SSV: Semantic similarity values. The cosine similarity between vector corresponding to the critical word and the vector corresponding to the preceding context, extracted using LSA using the pairwise comparison tool (term-to-document) at lsa.colorado.edu/ (possible range of SSVs: +1 to −1).

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