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Table 2. 

Experimental Conditions (Average Number of Trials for Pretest, Training, Posttest, and Native-speaker Controls in Parentheses)

(A) Declension Class Violation Contrast 
Condition 1: Four-word declension violation–control pairs 
Violation (8.6, 15.6, 32.5, 35.6) Control (9.4, 17.9, 32.4, 28) 
  mit dem[neut] *kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut]  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] Fenster[neut] 
  mit der[fem] *kleiner[fem] Maus[fem]  mit der[fem] kleinen[] Maus[fem] 
Condition 2: Three-word declension violation–control pairs 
Violation (12.4, 15.9, 33.5, 30.1) Control (10.3, 18.1, 33.7, 31.7) 
  mit *kleinen[] Fenster[neut]  mit kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut] 
  mit *kleinen[] Maus[fem]  mit kleiner[fem] Maus[fem] 
 
(B) Gender Violation Contrast 
Condition 3: Gender violation–control pairs 
Violation (11.6, 14.4, 30.4, 28.9) Control (10.0, 17.9, 33.0, 30.1) 
  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] *Maus[fem]  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] Fenster[neut] 
  mit der[fem] kleinen[] *Fenster[neut]  mit der[fem] kleinen[] Maus[fem] 
Violation (12.7, 14.7, 29.4, 24.9) Control (11.4, 18.2, 33.8, 31.7) 
  mit kleinem[neut] *Maus[fem]  mit kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut] 
  mit kleiner[fem] *Fenster[fem]  mit kleiner[fem] Maus[fem] 
(A) Declension Class Violation Contrast 
Condition 1: Four-word declension violation–control pairs 
Violation (8.6, 15.6, 32.5, 35.6) Control (9.4, 17.9, 32.4, 28) 
  mit dem[neut] *kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut]  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] Fenster[neut] 
  mit der[fem] *kleiner[fem] Maus[fem]  mit der[fem] kleinen[] Maus[fem] 
Condition 2: Three-word declension violation–control pairs 
Violation (12.4, 15.9, 33.5, 30.1) Control (10.3, 18.1, 33.7, 31.7) 
  mit *kleinen[] Fenster[neut]  mit kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut] 
  mit *kleinen[] Maus[fem]  mit kleiner[fem] Maus[fem] 
 
(B) Gender Violation Contrast 
Condition 3: Gender violation–control pairs 
Violation (11.6, 14.4, 30.4, 28.9) Control (10.0, 17.9, 33.0, 30.1) 
  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] *Maus[fem]  mit dem[neut] kleinen[] Fenster[neut] 
  mit der[fem] kleinen[] *Fenster[neut]  mit der[fem] kleinen[] Maus[fem] 
Violation (12.7, 14.7, 29.4, 24.9) Control (11.4, 18.2, 33.8, 31.7) 
  mit kleinem[neut] *Maus[fem]  mit kleinem[neut] Fenster[neut] 
  mit kleiner[fem] *Fenster[fem]  mit kleiner[fem] Maus[fem] 
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