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Table 1. 

Descriptive Data (Mean and Standard Deviation) for the Two Age Groups in Each Experiment


A
AV 0 msec
AV 200 msec
Differences
Beginner Readers 
Word readinga 12.8 (2.0) 13.9 (1.5) 12.5 (2.4) p = .228 
Nonword readinga 12.6 (1.7) 14.5 (2.2) 12.5 (2.0) p = .066 
Ravens SSb 7.2 (1.5) 6.9 (1.8) 6.5 (1.7) p = .421 
 
Advanced Readers 
Word readinga 13.1 (1.8) 13.1 (2.4) 12 (1.4) p = .307 
Nonword readinga 12.9 (2.1) 12.8 (3.4) 12.4 (1.9) p = .883 
Ravens SSb 7.5 (1.3) 7.6 (1.1) 7.1 (0.6) p = .768 

A
AV 0 msec
AV 200 msec
Differences
Beginner Readers 
Word readinga 12.8 (2.0) 13.9 (1.5) 12.5 (2.4) p = .228 
Nonword readinga 12.6 (1.7) 14.5 (2.2) 12.5 (2.0) p = .066 
Ravens SSb 7.2 (1.5) 6.9 (1.8) 6.5 (1.7) p = .421 
 
Advanced Readers 
Word readinga 13.1 (1.8) 13.1 (2.4) 12 (1.4) p = .307 
Nonword readinga 12.9 (2.1) 12.8 (3.4) 12.4 (1.9) p = .883 
Ravens SSb 7.5 (1.3) 7.6 (1.1) 7.1 (0.6) p = .768 

IQ scores and performance on language tests (mean); A = auditory experiment; AV = audiovisual experiment.

a

Age-appropriate norms (standardized scale; 0–20, mean = 10, SD = 2).

b

Age-appropriate norms (standardized scale; 0–10, mean = 5, SD = 2).

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