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Table 1. 

List of Activations Related to Top–Down Controlled Search Processes, Dimensional Reorienting (Invalid > Valid), and Greater Saliency-related Increases on Valid Trials (Saliency-related Increases Valid > Invalid)

Structure
t Score
Side
MNI
Saliency Negative 
Middle frontal gyrus/inferior frontal sulcus pars triangularis 4.98 52 36 22 
Precentral gyrus 5.52 −36 0 52 
Postcentral gyrus 5.26 38 −24 46 
Supramarginal gyrus 6.96 −36 −40 42 
Middle occipital gyrus/superior parietal gyrus 4.98 −26 −74 32 
Precuneus 5.21 −8 −46 46 
Superior middle occipital gyrus/precuneus/superior parietal gyrus/angular gyrus/supramarginal gyrus 7.26 30 −70 40 
 
Saliency Positive 
Middle orbital gyrus/pregenual anterior cingulate cortex 4.79 −2 50 −6 
 
Valid > Invalid 
Superior frontal gyrus 4.6 16 −16 48 
 
Invalid > Valid 
Superior orbital gyrus/lateral fronto-polar cortex 4.49 −30 60 −4 
Inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis/anterior insular cortex 5.95 −36 24 −12 
Inferior frontal gyrus 4.65 −44 8 40 
Inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis/anterior insular cortex 4.73 52 24 −4 
Middle frontal gyrus/inferior frontal sulcus 5.77 32 2 42 
Medial frontal gyrus 4.63 6 32 46 
Supramarginal gyrus 5.38 −46 −46 56 
Cerebellum 5.39 −10 −82 −30 
Cerebellum 5.87 −26 −76 −44 
 
Saliency (Invalid > Valid) 
Temporo-parietal junction 4.63 −44 −42 28 
 
Color > Orientation Targets 
Cuneus/Precuneus 4.12 −4 −54 40 
Middle occipital gyrus/angular gyrus 4.35 −36 −68 30 
 
Lowered Threshold (.001 Uncorrected) 
Fusiform gyrus 3.36 −24 −52 −16 
Fusiform gyrus 3.28 30 −46 −16 
Parahippocampal gyrus 3.41 −30 −28 −18 
Inferior temporal gyrus 4.23 58 −30 −22 
 
Orientation > Color Targets Lowered Threshold (.001 Uncorrected) 
Inferior occipital gyrus 3.96 52 −64 −12 
Structure
t Score
Side
MNI
Saliency Negative 
Middle frontal gyrus/inferior frontal sulcus pars triangularis 4.98 52 36 22 
Precentral gyrus 5.52 −36 0 52 
Postcentral gyrus 5.26 38 −24 46 
Supramarginal gyrus 6.96 −36 −40 42 
Middle occipital gyrus/superior parietal gyrus 4.98 −26 −74 32 
Precuneus 5.21 −8 −46 46 
Superior middle occipital gyrus/precuneus/superior parietal gyrus/angular gyrus/supramarginal gyrus 7.26 30 −70 40 
 
Saliency Positive 
Middle orbital gyrus/pregenual anterior cingulate cortex 4.79 −2 50 −6 
 
Valid > Invalid 
Superior frontal gyrus 4.6 16 −16 48 
 
Invalid > Valid 
Superior orbital gyrus/lateral fronto-polar cortex 4.49 −30 60 −4 
Inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis/anterior insular cortex 5.95 −36 24 −12 
Inferior frontal gyrus 4.65 −44 8 40 
Inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis/anterior insular cortex 4.73 52 24 −4 
Middle frontal gyrus/inferior frontal sulcus 5.77 32 2 42 
Medial frontal gyrus 4.63 6 32 46 
Supramarginal gyrus 5.38 −46 −46 56 
Cerebellum 5.39 −10 −82 −30 
Cerebellum 5.87 −26 −76 −44 
 
Saliency (Invalid > Valid) 
Temporo-parietal junction 4.63 −44 −42 28 
 
Color > Orientation Targets 
Cuneus/Precuneus 4.12 −4 −54 40 
Middle occipital gyrus/angular gyrus 4.35 −36 −68 30 
 
Lowered Threshold (.001 Uncorrected) 
Fusiform gyrus 3.36 −24 −52 −16 
Fusiform gyrus 3.28 30 −46 −16 
Parahippocampal gyrus 3.41 −30 −28 −18 
Inferior temporal gyrus 4.23 58 −30 −22 
 
Orientation > Color Targets Lowered Threshold (.001 Uncorrected) 
Inferior occipital gyrus 3.96 52 −64 −12 

Coordinates are defined within MNI space.

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