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Table 1. 

List of the 15 Used Word Fragments, the Corresponding High-frequency and Low-frequency German Words, and Their English Translations (in Parentheses)

Word Fragment
High-frequency Word
F of High-frequency Word (opm)
Low-frequency Word
F of Low-frequency Word (opm)
_agel Nagel (nail) 74 Hagel (hail) 11 
_eiz Reiz (appeal) 79 Geiz (avarice) 
_agd Jagd (hunt) 99 Magd (maid) 26 
_atze Katze (cat) 105 Tatze (paw) 
_rille Brille (glasses) 106 Grille (cricket) 
_olke Wolke (cloud) 135 Molke (whey) 
_antel Mantel (coat) 157 Hantel (dumbbell) 
_upfer Kupfer (copper) 165 Tupfer (swab) 
_öwe Löwe (lion) 251 Möwe (seagull) 43 
_old Gold (gold) 286 Sold (pay) 
_ette Kette (chain) 137 Wette (bet) 43 
_rab Grab (grave) 262 Trab (trot) 10 
_iete Miete (rent) 199 Niete (blank) 10 
_ühne Bühne (stage) 337 Sühne (atonement) 17 
_üge Lüge (lie) 192 Rüge (reproval) 21 
Mean (SD 172.3 (80.6)  13.9 (13.8) 
Word Fragment
High-frequency Word
F of High-frequency Word (opm)
Low-frequency Word
F of Low-frequency Word (opm)
_agel Nagel (nail) 74 Hagel (hail) 11 
_eiz Reiz (appeal) 79 Geiz (avarice) 
_agd Jagd (hunt) 99 Magd (maid) 26 
_atze Katze (cat) 105 Tatze (paw) 
_rille Brille (glasses) 106 Grille (cricket) 
_olke Wolke (cloud) 135 Molke (whey) 
_antel Mantel (coat) 157 Hantel (dumbbell) 
_upfer Kupfer (copper) 165 Tupfer (swab) 
_öwe Löwe (lion) 251 Möwe (seagull) 43 
_old Gold (gold) 286 Sold (pay) 
_ette Kette (chain) 137 Wette (bet) 43 
_rab Grab (grave) 262 Trab (trot) 10 
_iete Miete (rent) 199 Niete (blank) 10 
_ühne Bühne (stage) 337 Sühne (atonement) 17 
_üge Lüge (lie) 192 Rüge (reproval) 21 
Mean (SD 172.3 (80.6)  13.9 (13.8) 

opm = occurrences per million; SD = standard deviation.

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