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Table 1. 

Cerebral Network Commonly Engaged in Conditional Motor Behavior Based on First-order and Second-order S–R Rules Compared to a Motor Control Task

Anatomical Specification
Size (mm3)
Talairach Coordinates
Zmax
x
y
z
Presupplementary motor area (pre-SMA) 9180a −5 48 4.97 
L Anterior cingulate gyrus l.m.a −11 22 24 3.54 
R Anterior cingulate gyrus l.m.a 34 18 3.78 
L Middle frontal gyrus 23,652b −35 34 21 4.51 
L Inferior frontal sulcus (posterior portion) l.m.b −35 16 18 4.45 
L Precentral gyrus (PMv) l.m.c −38 −2 33 4.32 
R Precentral gyrus (PMv) 837 43 −2 27 3.58 
L Superior precentral sulcus (PMd) l.m.c −23 −2 48 3.63 
R Superior precentral sulcus (PMd) 2079 25 −5 54 3.67 
L Precentral gyrus (MI) l.m.c −38 −26 48 4.67 
L Intraparietal sulcus l.m.c −26 −56 42 5.04 
R Intraparietal sulcus 60,480c 22 −53 33 5.63 
L Angular gyrus (IPL) l.m.c −44 −38 42 4.65 
R Angular gyrus (IPL) l.m.c 31 −35 33 4.01 
L Precuneus l.m.c −11 −65 45 4.82 
R Subcallosal sulcus 3861 −35 27 4.58 
L Thalamus l.m.b −11 −11 4.12 
R Thalamus l.m.b 10 14 12 4.01 
L Putamen and pallidum l.m.b −23 3.56 
L Calcarine sulcus l.m.c −11 −95 3.62 
R Calcarine sulcus l.m.c 13 −92 4.45 
Anterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −53 4.63 
L Anterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −29 −65 −21 4.19 
R Anterior cerebellar lobe 31,563d 19 −53 −21 4.92 
Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −74 30 4.10 
L Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −11 −74 −15 4.67 
R Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −68 −18 4.51 
Anatomical Specification
Size (mm3)
Talairach Coordinates
Zmax
x
y
z
Presupplementary motor area (pre-SMA) 9180a −5 48 4.97 
L Anterior cingulate gyrus l.m.a −11 22 24 3.54 
R Anterior cingulate gyrus l.m.a 34 18 3.78 
L Middle frontal gyrus 23,652b −35 34 21 4.51 
L Inferior frontal sulcus (posterior portion) l.m.b −35 16 18 4.45 
L Precentral gyrus (PMv) l.m.c −38 −2 33 4.32 
R Precentral gyrus (PMv) 837 43 −2 27 3.58 
L Superior precentral sulcus (PMd) l.m.c −23 −2 48 3.63 
R Superior precentral sulcus (PMd) 2079 25 −5 54 3.67 
L Precentral gyrus (MI) l.m.c −38 −26 48 4.67 
L Intraparietal sulcus l.m.c −26 −56 42 5.04 
R Intraparietal sulcus 60,480c 22 −53 33 5.63 
L Angular gyrus (IPL) l.m.c −44 −38 42 4.65 
R Angular gyrus (IPL) l.m.c 31 −35 33 4.01 
L Precuneus l.m.c −11 −65 45 4.82 
R Subcallosal sulcus 3861 −35 27 4.58 
L Thalamus l.m.b −11 −11 4.12 
R Thalamus l.m.b 10 14 12 4.01 
L Putamen and pallidum l.m.b −23 3.56 
L Calcarine sulcus l.m.c −11 −95 3.62 
R Calcarine sulcus l.m.c 13 −92 4.45 
Anterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −53 4.63 
L Anterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −29 −65 −21 4.19 
R Anterior cerebellar lobe 31,563d 19 −53 −21 4.92 
Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −74 30 4.10 
L Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −11 −74 −15 4.67 
R Posterior cerebellar lobe l.m.d −68 −18 4.51 

The reported effects were obtained by a conjunction analysis on the whole sample group averages for first-order rules (vs. control task) and second-order rules (vs. control task). All activation survived cluster-level correction (p < .05). IPL = inferior parietal lobule; L = left; l.m. = local maximum; MI = primary motor cortex; PMd = dorsal premotor cortex; PMv = ventral premotor cortex; R = right. Letters a–d denote the cluster identity of a local maximum.

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