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Table 1. 

Participant Information for the Romanian Adoptees and the Healthy Comparison Group


Healthy Comparison Group
Romanian Adoptees
Statistical Comparison
n 11 12 – 
Age (years) 16.0 (0.85) 16.1 (0.77) ns 
Sex (# males) ns 
Handedness (# right) 11 ns 
Verbal IQ 107 (16) 96 (17) ns 
Performance IQ 101 (15) 80 (17) p = .005 
Full-scale IQ 105 (15) 86 (13) p = .003 
Time spent in institutions (months) N/A 23.1 (8.0) N/A 

Healthy Comparison Group
Romanian Adoptees
Statistical Comparison
n 11 12 – 
Age (years) 16.0 (0.85) 16.1 (0.77) ns 
Sex (# males) ns 
Handedness (# right) 11 ns 
Verbal IQ 107 (16) 96 (17) ns 
Performance IQ 101 (15) 80 (17) p = .005 
Full-scale IQ 105 (15) 86 (13) p = .003 
Time spent in institutions (months) N/A 23.1 (8.0) N/A 

Values in brackets are standard deviations for the corresponding means.

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