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Table 1. 

Descriptive Statistics of the Stimuli in LD and PL

(A) Stimulus Statistics and Comparisons between Tasks

LD
PL
LD vs. PL
M
SD
M
SD
T(58)
p
Complex 
Duration (msec) 621 64 618 58 0.19 <.05 
WFF 24 31 31 39 −0.76 <.05 
LF 65 95 80 117 −0.52 <.05 
Fam 499 83 505 99 −0.26 <.05 
Image 441 127 440 76 0.03 <.05 
 
Simple 
Duration (msec) 581 69 563 79 0.88 <.05 
WFF 25 31 32 66 −0.63 <.05 
LF 36 56 40 71 −0.19 <.05 
Fam 491 95 476 88 0.57 <.05 
Image 452 145 437 135 0.39 <.05 
 
(B) Comparisons between Complex (Past Tense) and Simple Words for Each Task
Complex-Simple
LD
PL
T(78)
p
T(38)
p
Duration 2.7 <.001 2.5 <.05 
WFF −0.1 >.05 −0.1 >.05 
LF 1.6 >.05 1.3 >.05 
Fam 0.4 >.05 1.0 >.05 
Image −0.4 >.05 0.1 >.05 
(A) Stimulus Statistics and Comparisons between Tasks

LD
PL
LD vs. PL
M
SD
M
SD
T(58)
p
Complex 
Duration (msec) 621 64 618 58 0.19 <.05 
WFF 24 31 31 39 −0.76 <.05 
LF 65 95 80 117 −0.52 <.05 
Fam 499 83 505 99 −0.26 <.05 
Image 441 127 440 76 0.03 <.05 
 
Simple 
Duration (msec) 581 69 563 79 0.88 <.05 
WFF 25 31 32 66 −0.63 <.05 
LF 36 56 40 71 −0.19 <.05 
Fam 491 95 476 88 0.57 <.05 
Image 452 145 437 135 0.39 <.05 
 
(B) Comparisons between Complex (Past Tense) and Simple Words for Each Task
Complex-Simple
LD
PL
T(78)
p
T(38)
p
Duration 2.7 <.001 2.5 <.05 
WFF −0.1 >.05 −0.1 >.05 
LF 1.6 >.05 1.3 >.05 
Fam 0.4 >.05 1.0 >.05 
Image −0.4 >.05 0.1 >.05 

LD = lexical decision task; PL = passive listening; WFF = word form frequency; LF = lemma frequency; Fam = familiarity; Image = imageability.

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