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Table 2. 

Demographic and Neuropsychological Data of Patients and Control Groups

Demographic Variable/Test
P01
CG01
P02
CG02
Demographic Data 
Age (years) 57 57.4 (1.8) 64 64.8 (2.9) 
Years of school education 10 10.4 (1.9) 10 10.0 (1.8) 
Years of total educationa 12.5 14.2 (3.7) 12.5 13.4 (2.3) 
IQ estimate 106.6 110.5 (5.4) 112.0 119.6 (5.0) 
 
Memory Tests 
WMS-R Digit Span forwardb 7/12 9.4 (2.0) 7/12 9.3 (1.7) 
WMS-R Digit Span backwardb 5/12 8.3 (2.0) 6/12 7.4 (1.9) 
WMS-R Block Span forwardb 10/12 8.5 (2.0) 7/12 7.5 (1.3) 
WMS-R Block Span backwardb 6/12 7.8 (2.1) 6/12 6.8 (1.2) 
Rey Figure copy 35/36 35.4 (1.1) 36/36 34.9 (1.3) 
Rey Figure delayed recall 17/36 18.3 (4.9) 13/36 18.5 (4.4) 
RMT faces 47/50 42.9 (5.3) 39/50 43.4 (3.3) 
VLMT immediate recall 29/75c 59.3 (8.9) 40/75 41.9 (7.3) 
VLMT delayed recall loss 4/0d 0.9 (1.7) 1/0 0.3 (2.1) 
VLMT recognition 7/15d 13.3 (2.0) 12/15 13.5 (1.1) 
AMI semantice 58.5/63 61.4 (2.1) 62.5/63 61.5 (1.6) 
AMI episodice 22/27 22.1 (2.4) 18.5/27 20.9 (2.8) 
 
Imagery Tests 
VVIQe 78/80 67.3 (9.6) 72/80 68.6 (7.2) 
Animals Teste 13/18 17.4 (0.8) 18/18 16.3 (2.0) 
Letters Teste 20/20 19.7 (0.7) 19/20 20.0 (0.0) 
 
Attention and Executive Function Tests 
Trail Making Test A (time in sec) 53 39.9 (9.5) 58 32.6 (3.8) 
Trail Making Test B (time in sec) 131 81.0 (27.3) 86 75.9 (17.7) 
RWT phonemic (N. of exemplars) 3c 11.7 (3.5) 13.9 (3.3) 
RWT semantic (N. of exemplars) 11c 22.4 (8.3) 17 22.2 (3.3) 
RWT category switching (N. of exemplars) 9d 15.9 (2.5) 12 14.9 (2.1) 
Demographic Variable/Test
P01
CG01
P02
CG02
Demographic Data 
Age (years) 57 57.4 (1.8) 64 64.8 (2.9) 
Years of school education 10 10.4 (1.9) 10 10.0 (1.8) 
Years of total educationa 12.5 14.2 (3.7) 12.5 13.4 (2.3) 
IQ estimate 106.6 110.5 (5.4) 112.0 119.6 (5.0) 
 
Memory Tests 
WMS-R Digit Span forwardb 7/12 9.4 (2.0) 7/12 9.3 (1.7) 
WMS-R Digit Span backwardb 5/12 8.3 (2.0) 6/12 7.4 (1.9) 
WMS-R Block Span forwardb 10/12 8.5 (2.0) 7/12 7.5 (1.3) 
WMS-R Block Span backwardb 6/12 7.8 (2.1) 6/12 6.8 (1.2) 
Rey Figure copy 35/36 35.4 (1.1) 36/36 34.9 (1.3) 
Rey Figure delayed recall 17/36 18.3 (4.9) 13/36 18.5 (4.4) 
RMT faces 47/50 42.9 (5.3) 39/50 43.4 (3.3) 
VLMT immediate recall 29/75c 59.3 (8.9) 40/75 41.9 (7.3) 
VLMT delayed recall loss 4/0d 0.9 (1.7) 1/0 0.3 (2.1) 
VLMT recognition 7/15d 13.3 (2.0) 12/15 13.5 (1.1) 
AMI semantice 58.5/63 61.4 (2.1) 62.5/63 61.5 (1.6) 
AMI episodice 22/27 22.1 (2.4) 18.5/27 20.9 (2.8) 
 
Imagery Tests 
VVIQe 78/80 67.3 (9.6) 72/80 68.6 (7.2) 
Animals Teste 13/18 17.4 (0.8) 18/18 16.3 (2.0) 
Letters Teste 20/20 19.7 (0.7) 19/20 20.0 (0.0) 
 
Attention and Executive Function Tests 
Trail Making Test A (time in sec) 53 39.9 (9.5) 58 32.6 (3.8) 
Trail Making Test B (time in sec) 131 81.0 (27.3) 86 75.9 (17.7) 
RWT phonemic (N. of exemplars) 3c 11.7 (3.5) 13.9 (3.3) 
RWT semantic (N. of exemplars) 11c 22.4 (8.3) 17 22.2 (3.3) 
RWT category switching (N. of exemplars) 9d 15.9 (2.5) 12 14.9 (2.1) 

Scores of the patients are presented along with the maximum possible score (patient/maximum), where appropriate. AMI = Autobiographical Memory Interview; CG = control group; N. = Number; RMT = Recognition Memory Test; RWT = Regensburger Wortflüssigkeits-Test; VLMT = Verbaler Lern- und Merkfähigkeitstest; VVIQ = Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire; WMS-R = Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised. Raw scores are given for the WMS-R.

aSchool education plus additional formal education, for example, studies and traineeship.

bThese tests represent also measures of executive function.

cScore < 5th percentile. Mean scores of control groups are accompanied by SDs in brackets.

dScore < 10th percentile of the normative data.

eNo normative data available.

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