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Table 1. 

Demographic, Standardized Test, and Task Performance Measures for Participants in Each Group


CE
CC
EE
n 26 20 24 
Age 22 (2.1) 21 (3.5) 21.5 (2.2) 
AoA 11.7 [9–13] – – 
WJ-III 
 Antonym 13.2 [7–21] – – 
 Synonym 9.7 [4–19] – – 
 Word ID 40.8 [25–52] – – 
 Word Attack 19.5 [9–27] – – 
Accuracy (%) 78.9 (10.0) 92.6 (4.8) 96.4 (4.0) 
RT (msec) 1220 (349) 1224 (328) 970 (314) 

CE
CC
EE
n 26 20 24 
Age 22 (2.1) 21 (3.5) 21.5 (2.2) 
AoA 11.7 [9–13] – – 
WJ-III 
 Antonym 13.2 [7–21] – – 
 Synonym 9.7 [4–19] – – 
 Word ID 40.8 [25–52] – – 
 Word Attack 19.5 [9–27] – – 
Accuracy (%) 78.9 (10.0) 92.6 (4.8) 96.4 (4.0) 
RT (msec) 1220 (349) 1224 (328) 970 (314) 

EE = English speakers performing an English word rhyming task; CC = Chinese speakers performing a Chinese word rhyming task; CE = Chinese speakers performing an English word rhyming task; n = number of participants; AoA = age of acquisition for the second language. Antonym and Synonym are verbal measures from the Woodcock Johnson-III in English; Word ID, Word Attack, and Reading Fluency are reading measures from the WJ-III. Accuracy and RT indicate performance on the rhyming trials in the judgment task. Standard deviations are indicated by parentheses, and ranges are indicated in the brackets.

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