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Table 3. 

Brain Regions Differentially Activated by the Discrimination of Stimulus Duration (Temporal) versus Stimulus Distance (Spatial) When the Stimuli to Be Discriminated Were Either Static Lines or Dynamic Trajectories

Anatomical Structurex, y, z Coordinates (mm)Cluster Size (Voxels)Z Score
(A) Temporal–spatial 
Static display 
 SMA −3, −4, 67 77 4.22 
 Left inferior frontal gyrus (operculum) −57, 2, 10 214 4.95 
 Right inferior frontal gyrus (operculum) 57, 5, 16 509 4.90 
 Left anterior insula −36, 23, 1 42 4.12 
 Left superior temporal gyrus −54, −46, 19 157 4.30 
 Right middle temporal gyrus 60, −25, −8 47 4.20 
 Right globus pallidus and putamen 18, −4, 1 99 4.40 
Dynamic display 
 Data from Dynamic block 2 only 
  SMA 6, −7, 73 71 4.03 
−3, 2, 55 3.93 
 Data from all three dynamic blocks 
  SMA −3, 2, 55 88 4.13 
Static–dynamic display 
 Left anterior insula −45, 11, −8 28 4.27* 
Dynamic–static display 
 – – – – 
(B) Spatial–temporal 
Static display 
 Left superior parietal cortex −15, −73, 46 145 4.74 
 Right superior parietal cortex 30, −76, 55 172 5.45 
 Medial frontal cortex −6, 56, 22 48 4.04 
 Left inferior parietal cortex −36, −49, 52 13 3.90* 
 Right inferior parietal cortex 36, −55, 52 18 3.98* 
 Left inferior occipital cortex −48, −76, −11 40 4.63* 
 Primary visual cortex 9, −82, 7 13 3.55* 
Dynamic display 
 – – – – 
Anatomical Structurex, y, z Coordinates (mm)Cluster Size (Voxels)Z Score
(A) Temporal–spatial 
Static display 
 SMA −3, −4, 67 77 4.22 
 Left inferior frontal gyrus (operculum) −57, 2, 10 214 4.95 
 Right inferior frontal gyrus (operculum) 57, 5, 16 509 4.90 
 Left anterior insula −36, 23, 1 42 4.12 
 Left superior temporal gyrus −54, −46, 19 157 4.30 
 Right middle temporal gyrus 60, −25, −8 47 4.20 
 Right globus pallidus and putamen 18, −4, 1 99 4.40 
Dynamic display 
 Data from Dynamic block 2 only 
  SMA 6, −7, 73 71 4.03 
−3, 2, 55 3.93 
 Data from all three dynamic blocks 
  SMA −3, 2, 55 88 4.13 
Static–dynamic display 
 Left anterior insula −45, 11, −8 28 4.27* 
Dynamic–static display 
 – – – – 
(B) Spatial–temporal 
Static display 
 Left superior parietal cortex −15, −73, 46 145 4.74 
 Right superior parietal cortex 30, −76, 55 172 5.45 
 Medial frontal cortex −6, 56, 22 48 4.04 
 Left inferior parietal cortex −36, −49, 52 13 3.90* 
 Right inferior parietal cortex 36, −55, 52 18 3.98* 
 Left inferior occipital cortex −48, −76, −11 40 4.63* 
 Primary visual cortex 9, −82, 7 13 3.55* 
Dynamic display 
 – – – – 

*Activations are significant at p < .05 corrected for multiple comparisons at the whole brain level or in anatomically defined ROIs.

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