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Table 2. 

Changes in Training Task Performance by Group

Gains from Sessions 2 to 10Group by SessionRate of Change
StimulationShamGroup ComparisonBayesianRegression BF10FpPartial EtaBayesian ANOVA BF10StimulationShamGroup ComparisonBayesian t Test BF10
MSDMSDBetatpNMSDNMSDtpCohen's d
Average across all tasks 1.426 0.513 1.346 0.689 −0.068 −0.361 .721 0.36 0.478 .871 0.017 44.202 11 0.194 0.087 0.138 0.07 1.48 .157 −0.713 0.345 
Visual data link 1.165 0.631 1.167 0.673 0.029 0.156 .877 0.348 0.232 .985 0.008 74.285 10 0.059 0.286 0.171 0.149 −1.002 .331 0.515 0.38 
Data room 1.028 0.739 0.672 0.647 −0.107 −0.567 .575 0.389 1.136 .34 0.039 8.913 10 0.067 0.134 0.157 0.187 −1.2 .248 0.561 0.347 
Decoder 0.867 0.761 0.818 0.447 −0.069 −0.368 .716 0.363 0.236 .984 0.008 60.758 12 0.161 0.188 11 0.173 0.128 1.208 .87 0.076 1.352 
Input module 2.737 2.078 2.719 2.112 −0.085 −0.451 .655 0.372 0.952 .474 0.033 13.161 12 0.465 0.302 0.257 0.081 1.629 .123 −1.086 1.332 
Input module with lid 2.611 1.345 2.051 1.511 −0.133 −0.712 .482 0.417 1.123 .349 0.039 8.811 0.367 0.217 0.153 0.194 2.123 .051 −1.041 0.715 
Number grid 1.025 0.804 1.071 0.837 0.059 0.311 .758 0.357 0.43 .902 0.015 40.550 12 0.051 0.456 11 0.21 0.226 −1.041 .31 0.466 0.379 
Rotating data link 0.959 0.636 0.955 0.748 −0.062 −0.331 .743 0.359 0.216 .988 0.008 67.100 −0.047 0.523 0.145 0.139 0.088 .306 0.58 2.135 
Rotating dots 1.000 0.686 1.269 0.497 0.008 0.042 .967 0.345 0.74 .656 0.026 22.717 12 0.261 0.488 10 0.277 0.075 −0.101 .92 0.057 0.634 
Gains from Sessions 2 to 10Group by SessionRate of Change
StimulationShamGroup ComparisonBayesianRegression BF10FpPartial EtaBayesian ANOVA BF10StimulationShamGroup ComparisonBayesian t Test BF10
MSDMSDBetatpNMSDNMSDtpCohen's d
Average across all tasks 1.426 0.513 1.346 0.689 −0.068 −0.361 .721 0.36 0.478 .871 0.017 44.202 11 0.194 0.087 0.138 0.07 1.48 .157 −0.713 0.345 
Visual data link 1.165 0.631 1.167 0.673 0.029 0.156 .877 0.348 0.232 .985 0.008 74.285 10 0.059 0.286 0.171 0.149 −1.002 .331 0.515 0.38 
Data room 1.028 0.739 0.672 0.647 −0.107 −0.567 .575 0.389 1.136 .34 0.039 8.913 10 0.067 0.134 0.157 0.187 −1.2 .248 0.561 0.347 
Decoder 0.867 0.761 0.818 0.447 −0.069 −0.368 .716 0.363 0.236 .984 0.008 60.758 12 0.161 0.188 11 0.173 0.128 1.208 .87 0.076 1.352 
Input module 2.737 2.078 2.719 2.112 −0.085 −0.451 .655 0.372 0.952 .474 0.033 13.161 12 0.465 0.302 0.257 0.081 1.629 .123 −1.086 1.332 
Input module with lid 2.611 1.345 2.051 1.511 −0.133 −0.712 .482 0.417 1.123 .349 0.039 8.811 0.367 0.217 0.153 0.194 2.123 .051 −1.041 0.715 
Number grid 1.025 0.804 1.071 0.837 0.059 0.311 .758 0.357 0.43 .902 0.015 40.550 12 0.051 0.456 11 0.21 0.226 −1.041 .31 0.466 0.379 
Rotating data link 0.959 0.636 0.955 0.748 −0.062 −0.331 .743 0.359 0.216 .988 0.008 67.100 −0.047 0.523 0.145 0.139 0.088 .306 0.58 2.135 
Rotating dots 1.000 0.686 1.269 0.497 0.008 0.042 .967 0.345 0.74 .656 0.026 22.717 12 0.261 0.488 10 0.277 0.075 −0.101 .92 0.057 0.634 

Data from Session 1 were not analyzed as there was no training in this session (the maximum span participants could reach was below the baseline ability of all participants).

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