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Table 1

The Violence Matrix

The Violence MatrixPhysical AssaultSexual AssaultSocial Disenfranchisement
Intimate Households 1. Direct physical assaults by intimate partners or household members, victim retaliation 2. Sexual aggression by intimate partners or household members 3. Emotional abuse and manipulation by intimate partners or household members, forced use of drugs and alcohol, isolation, economic abuse 
Community 4. Assaults by neighbors, lack of bystander intervention, availability of weapons 5. Sexual harassment, acquaintance rape, gang rape, trafficking into the sex industry 6. Degrading comments, hostile neighborhood conditions, hostile or unresponsive school and work environments, residential segregation, lack of social capital, threat of violence 
Social Sphere 7. Stranger assault, state violence (such as police), lack of gun control policies 8. Stranger rape, coerced sterilization, unwanted exposure to pornography 9. Negative media images, denial of significance of victimization, degrading encounters with religious institutions and public agencies, victim blaming, lack of affordable housing, lack of employment and health care, mistrust of public agencies, poverty 
The Violence MatrixPhysical AssaultSexual AssaultSocial Disenfranchisement
Intimate Households 1. Direct physical assaults by intimate partners or household members, victim retaliation 2. Sexual aggression by intimate partners or household members 3. Emotional abuse and manipulation by intimate partners or household members, forced use of drugs and alcohol, isolation, economic abuse 
Community 4. Assaults by neighbors, lack of bystander intervention, availability of weapons 5. Sexual harassment, acquaintance rape, gang rape, trafficking into the sex industry 6. Degrading comments, hostile neighborhood conditions, hostile or unresponsive school and work environments, residential segregation, lack of social capital, threat of violence 
Social Sphere 7. Stranger assault, state violence (such as police), lack of gun control policies 8. Stranger rape, coerced sterilization, unwanted exposure to pornography 9. Negative media images, denial of significance of victimization, degrading encounters with religious institutions and public agencies, victim blaming, lack of affordable housing, lack of employment and health care, mistrust of public agencies, poverty 
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