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Table 3.

Results for the three different dual-task paradigms.

 TDmonoTDbiASDmonoASDbi
Listening span task 
 Word recall 6.28 (2.78) 7.64 (3.27) 5.26 (2.26) 8.36 (3.78) 
 Block level 1.22 (0.76) 1.66 (0.80) 1.34 (1.14) 1.86 (0.97) 
 Semantic judgment 9.86 (3.45) 11.00 (3.94) 8.48 (4.73) 11.58 (4.73) 
Syntactic interference word recall task 
 Word recall 12.18 (2.00) 12.48 (1.61) 8.60 (2.78) 10.60 (3.52) 
 Recall after transitives 3.60 (0.67) 3.74 (0.49) 2.28 (1.07) 2.96 (1.05) 
 Recall after passives 2.66 (0.98) 2.70 (1.09) 2.22 (0.97) 2.24 (1.22) 
 Recall after subject relatives 3.00 (0.90) 2.98 (0.87) 2.08 (0.97) 2.76 (1.35) 
 Recall after object relatives 2.92 (0.88) 3.06 (0.87) 2.02 (1.04) 2.64 (0.85) 
 Sentence comprehension 12.12 (2.29) 10.20 (2.36) 9.28 (2.75) 9.52 (2.71) 
Proactive Interference task 
 Score list 1 5.18 (0.66) 5.48 (0.79) 4.58 (1.11) 4.78 (1.18) 
 Score list 2 4.06 (1.22) 4.26 (1.37) 2.26 (1.10) 4.08 (1.37) 
 Score list 3 3.80 (1.21) 4.16 (1.33) 1.72 (0.73) 3.74 (1.69) 
 Score list 4 5.86 (0.61) 6.12 (0.80) 5.10 (1.05) 5.74 (1.01) 
 Proactive interference list 2 −1.12 (1.08) −1.22 (1.27) −2.32 (1.28) −0.70 (1.28) 
 Proactive interference list 3 −1.38 (1.12) −1.32 (1.24) −2.86 (1.29) −1.04 (1.71) 
 TDmonoTDbiASDmonoASDbi
Listening span task 
 Word recall 6.28 (2.78) 7.64 (3.27) 5.26 (2.26) 8.36 (3.78) 
 Block level 1.22 (0.76) 1.66 (0.80) 1.34 (1.14) 1.86 (0.97) 
 Semantic judgment 9.86 (3.45) 11.00 (3.94) 8.48 (4.73) 11.58 (4.73) 
Syntactic interference word recall task 
 Word recall 12.18 (2.00) 12.48 (1.61) 8.60 (2.78) 10.60 (3.52) 
 Recall after transitives 3.60 (0.67) 3.74 (0.49) 2.28 (1.07) 2.96 (1.05) 
 Recall after passives 2.66 (0.98) 2.70 (1.09) 2.22 (0.97) 2.24 (1.22) 
 Recall after subject relatives 3.00 (0.90) 2.98 (0.87) 2.08 (0.97) 2.76 (1.35) 
 Recall after object relatives 2.92 (0.88) 3.06 (0.87) 2.02 (1.04) 2.64 (0.85) 
 Sentence comprehension 12.12 (2.29) 10.20 (2.36) 9.28 (2.75) 9.52 (2.71) 
Proactive Interference task 
 Score list 1 5.18 (0.66) 5.48 (0.79) 4.58 (1.11) 4.78 (1.18) 
 Score list 2 4.06 (1.22) 4.26 (1.37) 2.26 (1.10) 4.08 (1.37) 
 Score list 3 3.80 (1.21) 4.16 (1.33) 1.72 (0.73) 3.74 (1.69) 
 Score list 4 5.86 (0.61) 6.12 (0.80) 5.10 (1.05) 5.74 (1.01) 
 Proactive interference list 2 −1.12 (1.08) −1.22 (1.27) −2.32 (1.28) −0.70 (1.28) 
 Proactive interference list 3 −1.38 (1.12) −1.32 (1.24) −2.86 (1.29) −1.04 (1.71) 

Note. The results are presented as Mean (SD). TDmono = typically developing monolingual children; TDbi = typically developing bilingual children; ASDmono = monolingual autistic children; ASDbi = bilingual autistic children.

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