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Table 3.

Average percentage of correct responses on standardized measures for bilingual patients with aphasia and healthy bilinguals.

Group Verbal assessmentsNonverbal assessments
Naming screenerBNTPALPA/EPLA compositeBAT composite
L1L2L1L2L1L2L1L2PAPTRCPM
BPWA n 31 31 29 32 23 25 29 28 29 25 
Mean (%) 56.5 42.7 44.1 32.8 82.6 74.8 69.1 64.6 89.2 74.5 
SD 29.1 29.0 26.2 24.0 10.0 13.2 26.7 20.3 10.7 16.9 
HB n 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 N/A 
Mean (%) 84.6 78.6 76.8 62.8 93.2 87.5 92.7 83.5 94.4 N/A 
SD 9.6 15.5 15.2 18.0 6.9 8.1 11.0 17.0 5.7 N/A 
p value   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.044 N/A 
Group Verbal assessmentsNonverbal assessments
Naming screenerBNTPALPA/EPLA compositeBAT composite
L1L2L1L2L1L2L1L2PAPTRCPM
BPWA n 31 31 29 32 23 25 29 28 29 25 
Mean (%) 56.5 42.7 44.1 32.8 82.6 74.8 69.1 64.6 89.2 74.5 
SD 29.1 29.0 26.2 24.0 10.0 13.2 26.7 20.3 10.7 16.9 
HB n 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 N/A 
Mean (%) 84.6 78.6 76.8 62.8 93.2 87.5 92.7 83.5 94.4 N/A 
SD 9.6 15.5 15.2 18.0 6.9 8.1 11.0 17.0 5.7 N/A 
p value   <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.044 N/A 

Note. BPWA = Bilingual patients with aphasia; HB = healthy bilingual; BNT = Boston Naming Test; PALPA/EPLA = Psycholinguistic Assessment of Language Processing in Aphasia in English and Spanish respectively; BAT = Bilingual Aphasia Test; PAPT = Pyramids and Palm Trees; RCPM = Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices; L1 = first-acquired language; L2 = second-acquired language; N/A = no data available.

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