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Table 2.

Conditions of the MEG experiment investigating the processing of reduplicated and infixed forms, and words that orthographically appear to be reduplicated or infixed but are morphologically simple

ConditionSample itemPrediction for decompositionResults for decomposition
Block 1
simple aberya “flawed” ✗ ✗ 
reduplicated araw-araw “everyday” ✓ ✓ 
[−i] pseudoreduplicated: transparent phonology musmos “naïve” ✗ ✗ 
[+i] pseudoreduplicated: non-transparent phonology gonggong “grunt fish” ✓ ✓ 
circumfixed ka-ruwag-an “cowardice” ✓ ✓ 
Block 2
simple lungkot “sadness” ✗ ✗ 
infixed -int-in-awag “called” ✓ ✓ 
pseudo-infixed /in/ bintang “accusation” ✗ ✓ 
circumfixed ka-bayar-an “payment” ✓ ✓ 
ConditionSample itemPrediction for decompositionResults for decomposition
Block 1
simple aberya “flawed” ✗ ✗ 
reduplicated araw-araw “everyday” ✓ ✓ 
[−i] pseudoreduplicated: transparent phonology musmos “naïve” ✗ ✗ 
[+i] pseudoreduplicated: non-transparent phonology gonggong “grunt fish” ✓ ✓ 
circumfixed ka-ruwag-an “cowardice” ✓ ✓ 
Block 2
simple lungkot “sadness” ✗ ✗ 
infixed -int-in-awag “called” ✓ ✓ 
pseudo-infixed /in/ bintang “accusation” ✗ ✓ 
circumfixed ka-bayar-an “payment” ✓ ✓ 

Note. The simple condition contains unambiguously simple words that have no orthographic imitation of complexity. Hyphens are included within words to indicate morpheme boundaries.

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