Skip to Main Content
Table 1.

Participant demographic and neuropsychological testing scores

Demographic information 
N 91 
Age (years) 47.40 (20–75, 17.45) 
Gender (M/F) 37/54 
Education (years) 16.9 (12–25, 2.5) 
  
Cognitive assessments–age correlation 
Education 0.24* 
MMSE −0.19 
Depression (GDS) −0.13 
Speed RT (choice) 0.56*** 
WAIS-III digit symbol RT 0.69*** 
WAIS-III digit span forward −0.20 
WAIS-III digit span backward −0.26* 
Stroop effect 0.33*** 
Verbal working memory −0.40*** 
CVLT immediate recall −0.27* 
CVLT delayed recall −0.26* 
Category fluency (animals) −0.30** 
Phonemic fluency (F, A, S) −0.11 
WAIS-III vocabulary 0.07 
Author recognition task 0.47*** 
Demographic information 
N 91 
Age (years) 47.40 (20–75, 17.45) 
Gender (M/F) 37/54 
Education (years) 16.9 (12–25, 2.5) 
  
Cognitive assessments–age correlation 
Education 0.24* 
MMSE −0.19 
Depression (GDS) −0.13 
Speed RT (choice) 0.56*** 
WAIS-III digit symbol RT 0.69*** 
WAIS-III digit span forward −0.20 
WAIS-III digit span backward −0.26* 
Stroop effect 0.33*** 
Verbal working memory −0.40*** 
CVLT immediate recall −0.27* 
CVLT delayed recall −0.26* 
Category fluency (animals) −0.30** 
Phonemic fluency (F, A, S) −0.11 
WAIS-III vocabulary 0.07 
Author recognition task 0.47*** 

Note. The color Stroop task was used; the Stroop effect was the difference in reaction times (RT) between word-font incongruent minus word-font congruent trials. The author recognition task (Acheson et al., 2008) uses author name recognition to assess reading habits, which may be less biased compared to self-report. Demographic information for age and education is the mean, with range and standard deviation in parentheses. MMSE = Mini-Mental State Exam (Folstein et al., 1975); GDS = Geriatric Depression Scale (Guerin et al., 2018; Sheikh & Yesavage, 1986); WAIS-III = Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Wechsler, 1997); CVLT = California Verbal Learning Test (Delis et al., 1987). *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal