Estimated Effects with Varying Fixed Effects
Authors' estimation of a modified version of equation (1) as described in the text and reproduced here for clarity: . is a general term denoting the outcome listed on the horizontal axis, and each estimation includes municipality (), year of swap (), birth year (), and previous GP () fixed effects. Standard errors are clustered at the level of the exogenously assigned GP. The sample includes all girls born between 1988 and 1996 who were subject to at least one exogenous GP swap prior to age 15. The specification that replaces the previous GP fixed effects with previous GP characteristics includes GP age, gender, and Norwegian-born status. For each of the four outcomes, the following specification legend applies: Specification 1: no fixed effects; specification 2: cohort-by-municipality fixed effects; specification 3: cohort fixed effects and municipality-specific trends; specification 4: cohort, municipality, and year fixed effects; specification 5: cohort, municipality, and year fixed effects, and controls for previous GP characteristics; specification 6: cohort and previous GP fixed effects; specification 7: cohort, municipality, and previous GP fixed effects; specification 8: cohort, year, and previous GP fixed effects; specification 9: cohort, municipality, year, and previous GP fixed effects.