Table 4.

Top 10 fields (SCs) by gap of output (O) in favor of Norway, and the same for Italy.

SCItalyNorwayΔ
No. of professorsONo. of professorsO
Mathematics, interdisciplinary applications 46 0.64 3.77 −3.13 
Remote sensing 102 0.92 2.04 −1.12 
Acoustics 25 0.78 1.61 −0.83 
Anesthesiology 57 0.96 1.79 −0.83 
Construction & building technology 67 0.91 11 1.52 −0.61 
Substance abuse 0.69 10 1.28 −0.59 
Thermodynamics 97 0.98 1.52 −0.54 
Physics, particles & fields 556 0.97 30 1.50 −0.52 
Area studies 0.51 73 1.03 −0.52 
Political science 90 0.85 43 1.32 −0.48 
… 
Engineering, multidisciplinary 11 1.13 0.27 0.87 
Materials science, composites 59 1.03 0.16 0.87 
Computer science, hardware & architecture 10 1.08 0.19 0.89 
Computer science, interdisciplinary applications 44 1.17 10 0.27 0.89 
Medicine, research & experimental 66 1.03 0.12 0.91 
Computer science, cybernetics 1.39 0.42 0.97 
Andrology 1.10 0.13 0.97 
Rehabilitation 47 1.47 38 0.42 1.05 
Medical informatics 1.72 0.28 1.43 
Information science & library science 13 2.04 24 0.44 1.61 
SCItalyNorwayΔ
No. of professorsONo. of professorsO
Mathematics, interdisciplinary applications 46 0.64 3.77 −3.13 
Remote sensing 102 0.92 2.04 −1.12 
Acoustics 25 0.78 1.61 −0.83 
Anesthesiology 57 0.96 1.79 −0.83 
Construction & building technology 67 0.91 11 1.52 −0.61 
Substance abuse 0.69 10 1.28 −0.59 
Thermodynamics 97 0.98 1.52 −0.54 
Physics, particles & fields 556 0.97 30 1.50 −0.52 
Area studies 0.51 73 1.03 −0.52 
Political science 90 0.85 43 1.32 −0.48 
… 
Engineering, multidisciplinary 11 1.13 0.27 0.87 
Materials science, composites 59 1.03 0.16 0.87 
Computer science, hardware & architecture 10 1.08 0.19 0.89 
Computer science, interdisciplinary applications 44 1.17 10 0.27 0.89 
Medicine, research & experimental 66 1.03 0.12 0.91 
Computer science, cybernetics 1.39 0.42 0.97 
Andrology 1.10 0.13 0.97 
Rehabilitation 47 1.47 38 0.42 1.05 
Medical informatics 1.72 0.28 1.43 
Information science & library science 13 2.04 24 0.44 1.61 
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