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Table 5.

Top 10 fields (SCs) by gap of fractional output (FO) in favor of Norway, and the same for Italy.

SCItalyNorwayΔ
No. of professorsFONo. of professorsFO
Mathematics, interdisciplinary applications 46 0.69 3.41 −2.72 
Hematology 340 0.99 2.19 −1.21 
Remote sensing 102 0.92 2.02 −1.09 
Chemistry, inorganic & nuclear 242 0.98 1.92 −0.93 
Thermodynamics 97 0.96 1.86 −0.89 
Anesthesiology 57 0.96 1.79 −0.83 
Substance abuse 0.60 10 1.36 −0.75 
Instruments & instrumentation 184 0.97 1.71 −0.74 
Reproductive biology 66 0.98 1.58 −0.60 
Acoustics 25 0.85 1.42 −0.58 
… 
Medical informatics 1.38 0.62 0.76 
Computer science, interdisciplinary applications 44 1.14 10 0.37 0.77 
Computer science, hardware & architecture 10 1.07 0.27 0.81 
Medicine, research & experimental 66 1.02 0.20 0.82 
Engineering, aerospace 75 1.01 0.17 0.84 
Materials science, composites 59 1.03 0.15 0.88 
Computer science, cybernetics 1.37 0.45 0.92 
Engineering, multidisciplinary 11 1.15 0.16 0.99 
Andrology 1.11 0.05 1.06 
Information science & library science 13 1.87 24 0.53 1.35 
SCItalyNorwayΔ
No. of professorsFONo. of professorsFO
Mathematics, interdisciplinary applications 46 0.69 3.41 −2.72 
Hematology 340 0.99 2.19 −1.21 
Remote sensing 102 0.92 2.02 −1.09 
Chemistry, inorganic & nuclear 242 0.98 1.92 −0.93 
Thermodynamics 97 0.96 1.86 −0.89 
Anesthesiology 57 0.96 1.79 −0.83 
Substance abuse 0.60 10 1.36 −0.75 
Instruments & instrumentation 184 0.97 1.71 −0.74 
Reproductive biology 66 0.98 1.58 −0.60 
Acoustics 25 0.85 1.42 −0.58 
… 
Medical informatics 1.38 0.62 0.76 
Computer science, interdisciplinary applications 44 1.14 10 0.37 0.77 
Computer science, hardware & architecture 10 1.07 0.27 0.81 
Medicine, research & experimental 66 1.02 0.20 0.82 
Engineering, aerospace 75 1.01 0.17 0.84 
Materials science, composites 59 1.03 0.15 0.88 
Computer science, cybernetics 1.37 0.45 0.92 
Engineering, multidisciplinary 11 1.15 0.16 0.99 
Andrology 1.11 0.05 1.06 
Information science & library science 13 1.87 24 0.53 1.35 
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