Table 1.

Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients included in the study.

SubjectGenderAgeHandednessEducation (yr)Duration of disease (yr)Hoehn and YahrstageaUPDRS speech scoreb (off medication)UPDRS score total (off medication)
Male 68 Left 16 50 
Male 82 Right 16 36 
Female 71 Right 16 24 
Male 60 Right 13 39 
Mean ± SE – 70.25 ± 3.94 – 15.25 ± 0.65 7.50 ± 0.43 2.00 ± 0.00 1.25 ± 0.22 37.25 ± 4.63 
SubjectGenderAgeHandednessEducation (yr)Duration of disease (yr)Hoehn and YahrstageaUPDRS speech scoreb (off medication)UPDRS score total (off medication)
Male 68 Left 16 50 
Male 82 Right 16 36 
Female 71 Right 16 24 
Male 60 Right 13 39 
Mean ± SE – 70.25 ± 3.94 – 15.25 ± 0.65 7.50 ± 0.43 2.00 ± 0.00 1.25 ± 0.22 37.25 ± 4.63 

Note. UPDRS = Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale.

a

Goetz et al. (2004).

b

Goetz et al. (2007).

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