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Table 4

The consonants of Russian, showing the obstruents (T) and sonorants (R). Consonants in parentheses were not used in the target items.

LabialDentalRetroflex(Pre)palatalVelar
Plosives p pj b bj t tj d dj (k kj) ɡ ɡj 
 Affricates  ʦ  ʧj  
Fricatives f fj s sj z zj ʂ ɀ (∫∫jx xj 
Nasals m mj n nj    
 Liquids   l lj r rj    
 Glides v vj (j)     
LabialDentalRetroflex(Pre)palatalVelar
Plosives p pj b bj t tj d dj (k kj) ɡ ɡj 
 Affricates  ʦ  ʧj  
Fricatives f fj s sj z zj ʂ ɀ (∫∫jx xj 
Nasals m mj n nj    
 Liquids   l lj r rj    
 Glides v vj (j)     
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