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Table 1

Quechua tiers and phonotactic generalizations

TierProjected segmentsPhonotactic generalizations
Dorsal Dorsal consonants, vowels High-mid vowel allophony 
C-dorsala Dorsal consonants, + *K . . . Q, *Q . . . K (within morphemes) 
Laryngeal Stops, affricates, h, ʔ Laryngeal cooccurrence restrictions 
Segmental All, + *VV, *CCC, *wu, *wo 
TierProjected segmentsPhonotactic generalizations
Dorsal Dorsal consonants, vowels High-mid vowel allophony 
C-dorsala Dorsal consonants, + *K . . . Q, *Q . . . K (within morphemes) 
Laryngeal Stops, affricates, h, ʔ Laryngeal cooccurrence restrictions 
Segmental All, + *VV, *CCC, *wu, *wo 

a The C-dorsal tier contains a morpheme boundary symbol (+), allowing the model to represent the fact that the restriction on uvular and velar consonant cooccurrence holds within morphemes but not across them.

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